# LAb Manual | To calculate the efficiency of Worm and Worm Wheel

Objective: To calculate the efficiency of following:

i. Single Start Worm and Worm Wheel

ii. Double Start Worm and Worm Wheel

iii. Triple Start Worm and Worm Wheel

#### SINGLE START WORM AND WORM WHEEL

Introduction

Worm and worm wheel consists of a square threaded screw (known as worm) and a toothed wheel (known as worm wheel) geared with each other. A wheel is attached to the worm, over which passes a rope a load is securely mounted on the worm wheel.

Formula Used

Let L = Radius of the wheel

r = Radius of the load drum

W = Load lifted

P = Effort applied to lift the load

T = Number of teeth on the worm wheel

If the worm is single threaded (i.e., for one revolution of the wheel, the worm pushes the worm wheel through one tooth) then for one revolution of the wheel the distance moved by the effort = 2πL

The load drum will move through = 1/ T revolution

Distance, through which the load will move = 2πr / T

V.R = (Distance moved by P) / (Distance moved by W) = (2πL / (2πr / T)) = LT / r

In general, if the worm is n threaded then, V.R = LT / nr

M.A = W / P

η = M.A / V.R

Procedure:

1. Firstly stabilize the Single Start Worm and Worm Wheel machine and wrap the cord around the load drum and the effort wheel.
2. Put some weight on the load drum. And add the some effort to the effort wheel via hanger.
3. Hit the machine with some material, thus you will see some kind of movement in the load drum as well as in effort wheel.
4. Write down the reading in the observation table
5. After this apply the above procedure, four to five times with gradually increasing the Load as well as Effort to the load drum and effort pulley respectively.
6. Write down the all reading in the given observation table.
7. Measure the radius of the load drum and the radius of the effort wheel.
8. Calculate the MA, VR and η of machine.

Observation table:

 S.No. Load (W) in gram. Effort (P) in gram.

Precautions:

1. Lubricate the screw before starting the experiment.
2. Trapping should be done after adding the weight in the effort hanger.
3. Overlapping of string should not be there.

Source of error:

1. Frictions in the pulley.
2. Effort being pulled suddenly.

Result: The efficiency of the single start worm and worm wheel is………………………..

#### DOUBLE START WORM AND WORM WHEEL

Formula Used

If the worm is double threaded (i.e., for one revolution of the wheel pushes the worm wheel through half teeth then

V.R = LT / 2r

M.A = W / P

η = M.A / V.R

Procedure:

1. Firstly stabilize the double Start Worm and Worm Wheel machine and wrap the cord around the load drum and the effort wheel.
2. Put some weight on the load drum. And add the some effort to the effort wheel via hanger.
3. Hit the machine with some material, thus you will see some kind of movement in the load drum as well as in effort wheel.
4. Write down the reading in the observation table
5. After this apply the above procedure, four to five times with gradually increasing the Load as well as Effort to the load drum and effort pulley respectively.
6. Write down the all reading in the given observation table.
7. Measure the radius of the load drum and the radius of the effort wheel.
8. Calculate the MA, VR and η of machine.

Observation table:

 S.No. Load (W) in gram. Effort (P) in gram.

Precautions:

1. Lubricate the screw before starting the experiment.
2. Trapping should be done after adding the weight in the effort hanger.
3. Overlapping of string should not be there.

Source of error:

1. Frictions in the pulley.
2. Effort being pulled suddenly.

Result: The efficiency of the double start worm and worm wheel is………………………..

#### TRIPLE START WORM AND WORM WHEEL

Formula Used

If the worm is double threaded (i.e., for one revolution of the wheel pushes the worm wheel through half teeth then

V.R = LT / 3r

M.A = W / P

η = M.A / V.R

Procedure:

1. Firstly stabilize the triple Start Worm and Worm Wheel machine and wrap the cord around the load drum and the effort wheel.
2. Put some weight on the load drum. And add the some effort to the effort wheel via hanger.
3. Hit the machine with some material, thus you will see some kind of movement in the load drum as well as in effort wheel.
4. Write down the reading in the observation table
5. After this apply the above procedure, four to five times with gradually increasing the Load as well as Effort to the load drum and effort pulley respectively.
6. Write down the all reading in the given observation table.
7. Measure the radius of the load drum and the radius of the effort wheel.
8. Calculate the MA, VR and η of machine.

Observation table:

 S.No. Load (W) in gram. Effort (P) in gram.

Precautions:

1. Lubricate the screw before starting the experiment.
2. Trapping should be done after adding the weight in the effort hanger.
3. Overlapping of string should not be there.

Source of error:

1. Frictions in the pulley.
2. Effort being pulled suddenly.

Result: The efficiency of the triple start worm and worm wheel is………………………..

### 4 Responses to “LAb Manual | To calculate the efficiency of Worm and Worm Wheel”

1. #### vivek devraj

Hello Sir, we are the gearbox manufacturers for companies like siemens which goes into vaccum circuit breakers. As im experiencing problem with worm and worm wheel i need assistance from u people. Can u provide me your phone no?
Thank You

nice

THANK’S

well done